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Income Tax Return

To report on his earnings and taxes owed for the preceding calendar year, a person sends an Income Tax Return (ITR) form to the Income Tax Department of India. An ITR must contain information that is pertinent to the fiscal year, which is the period from 1 April to 31 March of the following year.

Your income could originate from a number of different things, such as your salary, business revenues, the sale of your home or other assets, dividends, capital gains, interest payments, and more. If you overpaid your taxes for the year, you will receive a refund from the Income Tax Department.


Who is Required to File ITR?

Now that you are aware of what an income tax return is, let’s look at the list of individuals and businesses who are required by law to file income tax returns on a yearly basis.

Anyone under 59 years old with a yearly income of more than Rs. 2.5 lakhs is required to file an IT. Seniors 60 to 70 years old are eligible for an exemption up to Rs. 3 lakhs. The cap is Rs. 5 lakhs for super senior seniors (80 years of age and older).

The Income Tax Act’s Section 10 deductions should not be taken into account for calculating income.
a legally established business having annual revenue, even if it was not profitable at the time a person who wishes to get a refund of excess income tax or tax that has been subtracted from annual income.

A person with property or other financial interests outside of the nation.
a firm based in India that receives treaty benefits for domestic transactions.
NRIs with annual incomes over the basic exemption threshold of Rs. 2.5 lakh.

Required Documents of Income Tax Return


  • Self attested copy permanent account number [PAN] and Aadhar number.
  • Any type of Deduction certificate, License, mediclaim details
  • FORM-16
  • Interest certificate and TDS certificate from Bank
  • TDS certificates from other sources.
  • Tax-saving investment, expenditure proofs
  • Any other kind of income details
  • School fees and tuition fees details
  • Latest Bank Statement shall not be more than 2 months old.
  • Mobile number and E-mail ID


  • Self Attested photocopy of Permanent Account Number [PAN] of Director/Partner/Settlor.
  • FORM -26
  • Profit and loss statement
  • Balance sheet statement
  • Interest certificate and TDS certificate from Bank
  • TDS certificates from other sources.
  • Mobile number and E-mail ID

How to File Income Tax Return Online?

If you have an internet connection, you may now file your taxes while relaxing at home. This has been made feasible via e-filing that makes use of Income Tax Department-approved tax preparation software. Due to advantages like this, more and more taxpayers are increasingly filing their forms online.

Obtaining Refund: In order for your refund to be processed, you must provide your ITR for the relevant fiscal year if tax was withheld at source from the money that was paid to you.

Verification Proof: Your annual income is the benchmark used to determine your eligibility for a loan when you apply. A clear picture of your prior income is provided to the borrower by an ITR form that includes details about your earnings, which gives your application more legitimacy. In a similar vein, tax returns are the most commonly accepted documentation for providing evidence of income when applying for a visa.

Proof of Income: Your insurer may request your ITR when you purchase a term plan in order to determine the amount that will be paid to your nominees in the event of a disability or death. For the purposes of this purpose, the ITR is regarded as an officially verifiable proof of income.

FAQ of Income Tax Return

In addition to helping you become a more responsible citizen, filing taxes enables you to:

  • To lower your tax liability, claim tax deductions under various sections of the Income Tax Act.
  • Make a claim for reimbursement for overpayment of taxes, especially if TDS is deducted from your income and the total amount of taxes you are liable to pay is less than the amount of taxes withheld.
  • Make changes to your capital losses and gains. The income tax laws permit you to carry forward capital losses for the following eight fiscal years, as well as to offset capital losses against capital gains.
  • Obtain a loan or simply choose a credit card.
  • When traveling abroad, expedite the visa application process because many nations require documentation of your consistent income.

Companies and firms are required to file an ITR even if their income is below the exemption limit. However, anyone with a valid PAN can file an IT return.

A tax return is required for those whose taxable income is greater than the maximum amount exempt from taxation. For FY 2019–20, the basic exemption limit is Rs 2.5 lakh for others, Rs 5 lakh for super senior citizens (those who are 80 years of age or older), and Rs 3 lakh for senior citizens (those who are 60 to 80 years old).

Indian citizens who want to file an ITR include those who want to get a tax refund, want to take out a loan, are authorized signatories for any foreign account, and have an asset or financial interest outside of India.

NRIs are also eligible to file an ITR if their total yearly gross income earned or accumulated in India surpasses Rs 2,50,000.

If… then you must file tax returns.

  • even though you are an NRI, your income is more than Rs. 2.5 lakh. For senior citizens (60 to 80 years old), this cap is Rs 3 lakh; for super senior citizens (80 years and older), it is Rs 5 lakh.
  • Regardless of whether you made money or lost money during the fiscal year, you are still a company or firm.
  • To request a refund of income taxes
  • If you are a resident Indian with an asset or financial interest in a company that is not in India
  • if you are a resident Indian with signing authority over a foreign account, you may be able to carry forward a loss under a head of income.

For individuals, there are as many as four different types of Income Tax Returns – ITR 1, ITR 2, ITR 3, and ITR 4. And the ITR that you would have to file for yourself would be dependent on the kind of income that you generate.  

Of course. Many individuals prefer to do income tax filing online due to the entire process being very simple and straightforward. Also, it takes only a few minutes to complete and can be done from the comfort of your own home. 

Yes, a PAN card is compulsory to obtain GST registration. If one doesn’t have the PAN card, they need to obtain one before applying for the GST registration, except in the case of TDS registration under GST which is allowed with a TAN.

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Filing an income tax return is an essential financial responsibility for individuals and businesses in many countries. It’s a process where taxpayers report their income, deductions, and other financial information to the government. This information is used to determine how much tax is owed or if a refund is due. Here’s a breakdown of the process:

1. Gathering Documents:

  • Before you begin filling out your tax return, gather all the necessary documents. These may include W-2 or 1099 forms, investment statements, mortgage interest statements, and any other relevant financial records.

2. Choosing a Filing Status:

  • Your filing status (single, married filing jointly, married filing separately, head of household, etc.) affects your tax rate and eligibility for certain deductions. Choose the status that applies to your situation.

3. Selecting a Tax Form:

  • There are different tax forms available, such as 1040, 1040A, and 1040EZ. The complexity of your financial situation determines which form you should use. Most individuals use the standard Form 1040.

4. Reporting Income:

  • Document all sources of income, including wages, self-employment income, dividends, interest, rental income, and any other earnings. This information is usually provided on the forms mentioned in step one.

5. Claiming Deductions and Credits:

  • Deductions and credits can significantly lower your taxable income. Common deductions include mortgage interest, student loan interest, and certain medical expenses. Credits can include the Child Tax Credit, Earned Income Tax Credit, and others.

6. Reviewing and Double-Checking:

  • Before submitting your return, review all the information to ensure accuracy. Mistakes or omissions can lead to delays or even penalties.

7. Filing:

  • You can file your tax return either electronically (e-filing) or by mailing a paper copy. E-filing is generally faster and more secure. If you’re using a tax preparer or tax software, they will guide you through this process.

8. Paying Taxes Due or Receiving a Refund:

  • If you owe taxes, you will need to pay the amount by the tax deadline. If you’re entitled to a refund, you can choose to have it deposited directly into your bank account or receive a paper check.

9. Keeping Records:

  • It’s important to keep copies of your filed tax returns and supporting documents for at least three years. In some cases, such as if you underreport income, you may need to retain records for up to seven years.

10. Seeking Professional Help (if needed):

  • If your financial situation is particularly complex, or if you’re unsure about certain tax implications, consider seeking advice from a tax professional or using tax preparation software.

Important Tips:

  • Meet Deadlines: Ensure you file your return by the designated deadline. Late filing can result in penalties and interest charges.
  • Stay Informed: Keep abreast of any changes in tax laws or regulations that may affect your filing status or deductions.
  • Consider Tax Planning: It’s a good idea to engage in tax planning throughout the year to optimize your financial situation and minimize tax liability.

Remember, filing taxes can be a complex process, so don’t hesitate to seek help if you’re unsure about any aspect. Consulting a tax professional can provide peace of mind and ensure that you meet all your tax obligations accurately and on time.

An income tax return is a formal document or form that individuals, businesses, and other entities submit to the government, typically on an annual basis. This document contains detailed information about the taxpayer’s income, deductions, credits, and other relevant financial transactions for a specific tax year. The purpose of filing an income tax return is to determine the amount of tax owed to the government or, in some cases, to claim a tax refund if the taxpayer has overpaid their taxes.

Key components of an income tax return include:

  1. Identification Information: This section includes personal details such as name, Social Security Number (or equivalent), address, and filing status (e.g., single, married, head of household).

  2. Income: Taxpayers must report all sources of income, including but not limited to:

    • Wages and salaries
    • Self-employment income
    • Rental income
    • Investment income (dividends, interest, capital gains)
    • Business income
    • Retirement income
    • Other miscellaneous sources
  3. Deductions: Taxpayers may be eligible to deduct certain expenses from their total income, reducing the taxable amount. Common deductions include:

    • Mortgage interest
    • State and local taxes
    • Medical expenses
    • Student loan interest
    • Charitable contributions
  4. Credits: Tax credits directly reduce the amount of tax owed. Common credits include the Child Tax Credit, Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), and education credits.

  5. Tax Liability and Payments: Based on the information provided, the return calculates the total tax liability. This is the amount the taxpayer owes to the government.

  6. Refund or Amount Due: If the total payments made throughout the year exceed the tax liability (due to withholding from paychecks or estimated tax payments), the taxpayer is entitled to a refund. If the payments are insufficient, the taxpayer will owe additional taxes.

  7. Signatures: The return must be signed to attest that the information provided is accurate and complete to the best of the taxpayer’s knowledge.

  8. Filing Status: This indicates the taxpayer’s marital status and other circumstances, which can affect tax rates and eligibility for certain deductions and credits.

  9. Supporting Documents: While not part of the return itself, taxpayers should keep records and supporting documents for their income, deductions, and credits in case of an audit.

It’s important to note that the specific forms and regulations governing income tax returns vary by country, and they can change over time due to legislative updates. Additionally, tax filing deadlines and procedures are set by each country’s tax authority.

Filing an income tax return is a legal obligation for eligible individuals and entities, and failure to do so can result in penalties or legal consequences. However, proper filing can also lead to potential tax refunds and ensure compliance with tax laws.

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  • tax filing platforms like TurboTax, H&R Block, or equivalent in your country. Follow the instructions to download or access the software.

5. Enter Personal Information:

  • Provide all necessary personal details such as your name, address, PAN (Permanent Account Number), and other relevant information.

6. Fill in Income Details:

  • Follow the prompts to enter your income details from all sources, including salary, business income, investments, etc. The software or platform will guide you through this process.

7. Claim Deductions and Credits:

  • If you’re eligible for any deductions or tax credits, the software will prompt you to enter the relevant information.

8. Review and Verify:

  • Go through all the information you’ve entered to ensure accuracy and completeness. Double-check calculations, especially for deductions and credits.

9. Generate XML File:

  • Once you’ve reviewed and verified all the information, generate the XML file. This file contains all the data you’ve entered.

10. Upload the XML File:

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