The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India is abbreviated as FSSAI. Any food business must first obtain an FSSAI license. This restriction is outlined in the 2006 Food Safety and Standards Act. The government is taking this action to ensure that food products go through specific quality checks, which will lower the likelihood of adulteration, improve the quality of the products, and increase manufacturer accountability.
A new law known as the Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006, which went into effect in 2011, has resulted in stricter labeling requirements, which have caused the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), the regulatory body under the health ministry that oversees the import of food items to ensure quality, to block several consignments of packaged food.
Note: A basic FSSAI License can be issued in 7-10 days. A State and Central license can take a time period of 30 days.
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has made it necessary for food operators to obtain a food license in order to monitor the quality of food products being produced or processed by various food operators. Every company that sells food must submit an application for a specific kind of food license based on the guidelines below. Activity Type; Turnover Scale of Business.
Under FSSAI, there are three different kinds of registrations. Based on the government registration criteria, our experts will advise you on the appropriate registration. The cost of the plan will change depending on the registration that is requested. FSSAI Basic registration: Startups or small enterprises with yearly sales under Rs. 12 lakhs are eligible to apply. An upgrade from the basic registration to a state license will be required when operations pick up and turnover hits the Rs. 12 lakh bar.
FSSAI State license: Small and medium-sized businesses with yearly sales between Rs. 12 lakh and Rs. 20 crore are required to apply for a state-level license. FSSAI Central license: Applicants must obtain a Central Level License if their large business has an annual turnover of more than Rs. 20 crores. Wherever you are engaged in, the same license applies.
Each of the three categories of FSSAI licensing—Basic Registration, State Registration, and Central Registration—has a validity period ranging from one to five years. The license must be renewed thirty days prior to the original license expiring. The same plan may be used for renewal as well.
Every issued FSSAI license is location-specific. You must submit separate registration applications for each location if you operate more than one business.
FSSAI Registration is a mandatory requirement for all food business operators (FBOs) in India. It is a kind of license or registration that is required to ensure that food products sold or manufactured in India meet the prescribed standards of quality and safety.
There are three types of FSSAI registration:
Basic FSSAI Registration: This is for small-scale food businesses. It is suitable for businesses with an annual turnover of up to ₹12 lakhs.
State FSSAI License: This is for medium-sized food businesses. It is suitable for businesses with an annual turnover of more than ₹12 lakhs and up to ₹20 crores.
Central FSSAI License: This is for large-scale food businesses. It is suitable for businesses with an annual turnover of more than ₹20 crores.
The specific requirements and documents needed for obtaining an FSSAI registration may vary depending on the type of business and its scale of operation. It is important for food businesses to comply with these regulations to ensure the safety and quality of food products in the market.
1. Importance of FSSAI Registration:
Ensures Food Safety: FSSAI registration is crucial for ensuring that the food products available in the market meet certain safety and quality standards. This helps in safeguarding public health.
Legal Compliance: It is a legal requirement for all food business operators in India. Operating without a valid FSSAI registration can lead to penalties, fines, and even closure of the business.
Consumer Confidence: Consumers tend to trust products that have an FSSAI mark, as it signifies that the product has met certain quality and safety standards.
2. Application Process:
The application process for FSSAI registration can be done online through the FSSAI’s official website.
The applicant needs to fill out the required form based on the type and scale of their business.
The application is then submitted along with the necessary documents and fees.
3. Documentation Required:
Identity and Address Proof: This includes documents like Aadhar card, voter ID, passport, utility bills, etc.
Business Proof: Documents like rental agreement, utility bills, or property documents in case the business premises are self-owned.
Food Safety Management System (FSMS): This may be required for larger businesses to demonstrate their commitment to food safety.
List of Food Products: A detailed list of food products that the business intends to manufacture or handle.
4. Renewal of FSSAI License:
FSSAI registrations are typically valid for one to five years, depending on the type of registration.
It’s important to renew the license before it expires to ensure continuous compliance with food safety regulations.
5. Display of FSSAI Logo:
6. Inspections and Audits:
FSSAI may conduct inspections and audits of registered food businesses to ensure ongoing compliance with safety standards.
Non-compliance may lead to penalties or suspension/cancellation of the FSSAI registration.
7. Penalties for Non-Compliance:
Non-compliance with FSSAI regulations can result in penalties ranging from fines to imprisonment, depending on the severity of the violation.
In extreme cases, the FSSAI registration may be canceled, and the business could be shut down.
Overall, FSSAI registration plays a crucial role in maintaining the quality and safety of food products in India. It helps in building consumer trust and confidence in the food industry while ensuring that businesses operate in compliance with established standards.
8. Food Safety Management System (FSMS):
For larger businesses, especially those involved in manufacturing and processing, implementing a Food Safety Management System (FSMS) is crucial. This system helps in identifying, evaluating, and controlling food safety hazards.
FSMS ensures that a business has a structured approach to handling food safety, which includes processes like hazard analysis, monitoring, and corrective actions.
9. Training and Capacity Building:
FSSAI conducts various training programs and workshops to educate food business operators about food safety practices.
These initiatives help in enhancing the understanding of food safety regulations and promote best practices in the food industry.
10. Importers and Exporters:
FSSAI also regulates the import and export of food products in India. Importers and exporters need to obtain a valid FSSAI license to engage in international trade of food items.
This ensures that the imported food items meet the required safety and quality standards before entering the Indian market.
11. Labeling and Packaging Regulations:
FSSAI has specific regulations regarding the labeling and packaging of food products. This includes information such as ingredients, nutritional content, allergen information, and expiry dates.
These regulations are in place to provide consumers with accurate and transparent information about the food products they purchase.
12. Handling of Food Additives:
FSSAI sets standards for the use of food additives, preservatives, and colors in processed foods. This ensures that these substances are used within safe limits and do not pose health risks.
The FSSAI also maintains a list of permitted food additives.
13. Food Safety Awareness Campaigns:
14. Specialized Categories:
FSSAI also has specific guidelines for businesses involved in specialized categories of food, such as organic food, nutraceuticals, and dietary supplements.
These guidelines ensure that these specialized products meet the required quality and safety standards.
15. Technological Integration:
Remember, compliance with FSSAI regulations is not only a legal obligation but also a responsibility towards public health. It helps in building a trustworthy and sustainable food industry that benefits both businesses and consumers.